Henry Rzepa's Blog Chemistry with a twist

June 2, 2011

Metallic carbon nanotori

Filed under: General,Interesting chemistry — Tags: , , , — Henry Rzepa @ 10:18 am

The interface between physics, chemistry (and materials science) can be a fascinating one. Here I show a carbon nanotorus, devised by physicists[1] a few years ago. It is a theoretical species, and was predicted to have a colossal paramagnetic moment.

Carbon nanotorus. Click for 3D.

At 1364 carbon atoms, it is a little too big to calculate any of its expected chiroptical properties (the torus twists in a helical manner, and so is chiral). So we can only speculate whether e.g. its optical rotation would also be colossal! Or, what applications such a nanodevice might have. This post, by the way, was induced by seeing Steve Bachrach’s fascinating exploration of chiral nanohoops.

 

References

  1. L. Liu, G.Y. Guo, C.S. Jayanthi, and S.Y. Wu, "Colossal Paramagnetic Moments in Metallic Carbon Nanotori", Physical Review Letters, vol. 88, 2002. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.217206

6 Comments »

  1. Perhaps some semi-empirics can give a glimpse at the chiroptical properties? ( ZINDO/S ) Maybe even PPP ?

    Comment by Holger — June 6, 2011 @ 6:51 am

  2. The original magnetic properties were probed using π-orbital tight-binding theory (which is related to PPP theory). Chiroptical properties tend to focus on time-dependent density functional implementations (DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010617; it might be that no-one has explored chiroptical properties using tight binding, π-only theories.

    Comment by Henry Rzepa — June 6, 2011 @ 7:31 am

  3. Tight-binding is the physicist’s extended hueckel theory, yes.
    We have a TD-PPP (full RPA) code in our group, it gives nice (qualitative) results (eg. for large organic systems DOI: 10.1039/b925334c ). I know the ORCA program can do CIS with ZINDO/S, but not PPP. Dont even know if there is any freely available program that can still do (TD-)PPP.
    I would give it a try, but I dont see how I can get a structure.

    Comment by Holger — June 6, 2011 @ 8:12 am

  4. If you follow the procedure outlined at this post, you will be able to acquire access to the coordinates of the nanotorus. These may need further optimisation, but in any case might suffice to explore a TD-PPP calculation for this species?

    Comment by Henry Rzepa — June 6, 2011 @ 8:51 am

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