Archive for September, 2019

Bond length alternation (BLA) in large aromatic rings: an experimental reality check.

Monday, September 30th, 2019

The theme of the last three posts derives from the recently reported claimed experimental observation of bond length alternation (BLA) in cyclo[18]carbon, a ring of just 18 carbon atoms.[1] Having found that different forms of quantum calculation seem to find this property particularly difficult to agree upon, not only for cyclocarbon but for twisted lemniscular annulenes (which contain CH rather than just C units), I thought it might be time to look at some more experimental data and my chosen system is a class called the hexaphyrins, of which there are a number of experimental crystal structures.



  1. K. Kaiser, L.M. Scriven, F. Schulz, P. Gawel, L. Gross, and H.L. Anderson, "An sp-hybridized molecular carbon allotrope, cyclo[18]carbon", Science, vol. 365, pp. 1299-1301, 2019.

The Kekulé vibration as a function of aromatic ring size. A different perspective using lemniscular rings.

Friday, September 27th, 2019

In the previous posts, I tried to track down the onset of bond length alternation (BLA) as a function of ring size in aromatic cyclocarbons, finding the answer varied dramatically depending on the type of method used to calculate it. So here I change the system to an unusual kind of aromatic ring, the leminiscular or figure-eight annulene series. I explore the Kekulé vibration for such species for which a 4n+2 π electron count means they are cyclically Möbius aromatic.[1]



  1. P.L. Ayers, R.J. Boyd, P. Bultinck, M. Caffarel, R. Carbó-Dorca, M. Causá, J. Cioslowski, J. Contreras-Garcia, D.L. Cooper, P. Coppens, C. Gatti, S. Grabowsky, P. Lazzeretti, P. Macchi, . Martín Pendás, P.L. Popelier, K. Ruedenberg, H. Rzepa, A. Savin, A. Sax, W.E. Schwarz, S. Shahbazian, B. Silvi, M. Solà, and V. Tsirelson, "Six questions on topology in theoretical chemistry", Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, vol. 1053, pp. 2-16, 2015.

Cyclo[6] and [10]carbon. The Kekulé vibrations compared.

Tuesday, September 3rd, 2019

In the previous post, I looked at the so-called Kekulé vibration of cyclo[18]carbon using various quantum methods and basis sets.  Because some of these procedures can take a very long time,  I could not compare them using the same high-quality consistent atom basis set for the carbon (Def2-TZVPP). Here I try to start to do this using the smaller six and ten carbon rings to see what trends might emerge. FAIR data are at DOI: 10.14469/hpc/6069