In an earlier post, I searched for small C-C-C angles, finding one example that was also accompanied by an apparently exceptionally long C-C bond (2.18Å). But this arose from highly unusual bonding giving rise not to a single bond order but one closer to one half! How long can a “normal” (i.e single) C-C bond get, a question which has long fascinated chemists.
Chloroform, often in the deuterated form CDCl3, is a very common solvent for NMR and other types of spectroscopy. Quantum mechanics is increasingly used to calculate such spectra to aid assignment and the solvent is here normally simulated as a continuum rather than by explicit inclusion of one or more chloroform molecules. But what are the features of the hydrogen bonds that form from chloroform to other acceptors? Here I do a quick search for the common characteristics of such interactions.
- D. Pfister, K. Schäfer, C. Ott, B. Gerke, R. Pöttgen, O. Janka, M. Baumgartner, A. Efimova, A. Hohmann, P. Schmidt, S. Venkatachalam, L. van Wüllen, U. Schürmann, L. Kienle, V. Duppel, E. Parzinger, B. Miller, J. Becker, A. Holleitner, R. Weihrich, and T. Nilges, "Inorganic Double Helices in Semiconducting SnIP", Advanced Materials, vol. 28, pp. 9783-9791, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201603135
Chemists are as fond of records as any, although I doubt you will find many chemical ones in the Guinness world records list. Polytriangulanes chase how many cyclopropyl 3-rings can be joined via a vertex. Steve Bachrach on his blog reports some recent work by Peter Schreiner and colleagues and the record for catenation of such rings appears to be 15. This led me to think about some other common atoms and groups. Here I have searched for crystal structures only; there may be examples of course for which no such data has been reported.
- W.D. Allen, H. Quanz, and P.R. Schreiner, "Polytriangulane", Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, vol. 12, pp. 4707-4716, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.6b00669